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Dysphagia Surgery – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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Dysphagia Surgery - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Dysphagia?

Dysphagia is a medical condition in which a patient suffers difficulty in swallowing. As a result, it takes more time and effort to move food or liquid from the mouth to the stomach. As a result, dysphagia can be unbearably painful. Persistent Dysphagia can be a severe health disorder that necessitates the proper diagnosis of symptoms and treatment at its best.

Leading cause of Dysphagia

Occasional swallowing difficulties, such as when you eat too quickly or don’t chew your food thoroughly, usually do not cause concern. However, achalasia is the leading cause of Dysphagia.

Achalasia is a medical condition that affects the esophagus. The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a muscular ring that prevents the stomach from closing the throat. If you have achalasia, your LES does not open during gulping, as it should. Instead, it causes food to be reinforced inside your throat. Moreover, the nerves that are damaged distinguish this condition in your throat, and it can cause chest pain as well as dysphagia.

Dysphagia can happen for a variety of reasons. It can be difficult for your primary care healthcare professional to pinpoint a specific cause. The condition could be inborn or result from an immune system problem. In this type of situation, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body. The degeneration of nerves in your throat frequently contributes to the latest manifestations of dysphagia or achalasia.

In addition, it can occur at any age, but it is more common in the elderly. The causes of swallowing problems differ, and the cause determines the symptoms and treatment.

Symptoms of Dysphagia

Dysphagia can cause the following symptoms:

  • Swallowing discomfort
  • swallowing difficulty
  • Food becoming stuck in the throat, chest, or behind the breastbone
  • Drooling
  • Hoarseness
  • Food is resurfacing.
  • Frequently occurring heartburn
  • Backing up of food or stomach acid into the throat
  • Loss of weight
  • When swallowing, you may cough or gag.

Laparoscopic Heller’s myotomy for Dysphagia

Previously the procedure for treating Dysphagia was performed as open surgery, either through the chest (thoracotomy) or through the abdomen (laparotomy). However, the procedure typically takes place using minimally invasive surgical techniques in today’s world.

Heller surgery or Dysphagia surgery is the laparoscopic surgical treatment for Dysphagia. During a laparoscopic heller myotomy, the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdomen (a treatment for achalasia or dysphagia) Here, the muscle fibres that block the passage of food are divided.

A Heller myotomy is the surgical removal of muscles from the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES is a muscle ring located at the bottom of the oesophagus. It enables food and liquids to enter the stomach. Moreover, it also treats achalasia, a leading cause of dysphagia. It is a disorder where the LES does not relax and allows food and liquid to pass. Furthermore, the laparoscopic surgical procedures for treating dysphagia can also cause weight loss.

 

How long does recovery from an open Heller myotomy take?

  • After a Heller myotomy, you may be able to drink liquids the same day or the next.
  • You can eat soft foods after two to three days of dysphagia surgery.
  • Following an open Heller myotomy, you will be able to go home within three to seven days.
  • You can resume your regular diet, including raw fruits, in four to six weeks, depending on how well you tolerate foods.
  • You may need to take a month off work to recover from an open Heller myotomy.
  • Heavy lifting is strictly forbidden after the diagnosis of symptoms and treatment onset. However, you will be able to do weight lifting after six weeks or more.

Risk elements for Dysphagia

The following risk factors cause dysphagia:

  • Aging

Older adults are at a higher risk of swallowing difficulties due to natural ageing and normal wear and tear on the oesophagus. In addition, they are at a higher risk of certain conditions such as stroke or Parkinson’s disease. However, dysphagia is not similar to the usual symptom of ageing.

  • Certain medical conditions

People with certain neurological or nervous system disorders are more likely to have swallowing difficulties like achalasia or dysphagia.

Dysphagia Surgery at ALSA – Promising Treatments

Dr Tahir Yunus, the best laparoscopic surgeon in Lahore, performs Dysphagia surgery at ALSA, offering you the proper diagnosis of symptoms and treatment. In addition, he performs Laparoscopic Heller’s myotomy for achalasia to treat your swallowing difficulties better. Heller surgery, the most promising solution to dysphagia or achalasia, has been brought to you by ALSA Pakistan. Laparoscopic surgery involves surgical changes to the esophagus and aids in weight loss. In addition, our best surgeon in Lahore carefully analyzes the severity of their disease and the associated morbidities before treatment.

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